Floor Area Ratio (FAR) Calculator
What is FAR?
As per our understanding, FAR is defined as The quotient obtained by dividing the total covered area (plinth area) on all floors multiplied by 100 by the area of the plot.
FAR = Total covered area of all floors x 100 / Plot Area
What is a Dwelling Unit?
As per our understanding, Dwelling Unit is defined as an independent housing unit with separate facilities for living, cooking (maximum one kitchen), and sanitary requirement.
Floor area ratio (FAR) can sometimes also be called floor space ratio (FSR), floor space index (FSI), site ratio or plot ratio.
In India, both floor area ratio (FAR) and floor space index (FSI) is used. To clarify the difference between the two-FAR is a ratio, while the latter, FSI, is an index. Index numbers are values expressed as a percentage of a single base figure. Thus, an FAR of 1.5 is translated as an FSI of 150%.
How does defining the FAR of a city benefit its citizens?
As discussed earlier, every city is just like a structure and therefore is constrained by the capacity it can withstand. If you go beyond this capacity then it can lead to various issues.
FAR defines this load-bearing capacity for a city to maintain the general well being of the citizens based on a lot of factors such as the ability to cope with natural disasters, etc.
The concept of floor area ratio is used by the government to divide the land into zones so that urban density can be restricted. It further puts a limit on the persons allowed in a building. FAR is also commonly used by architects and construction workers to accurately decide the building design and structure.
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