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What is FAR?
As per our understanding, Floor area ratio (FAR) means a quotient obtained by dividing the multiple of the total covered area of all floors and hundred, by the area of the plot i.e. total covered area X 100 divided by plot area.
What is Ground Coverage?
As per our understanding, Ground coverage means the built-up area covered at ground level:
For the purpose of calculating ground coverage area under the shaft, chute, lift well, and staircase shall be counted towards ground coverage; provided ventilation shaft area of more than 3 square meters, fire staircase, atrium, and open courtyard of permitted size, shall not be counted in ground coverage.
Is stilt mandatory for residential plotted development in Faridabad?
If you are building more than G+2, stilt is mandatory. If you are not building a stilt, then you have to show the number of car parks required within the plot boundary. 1 ECS (Equivalent car space) is 12.5 sq. meters. Click here to read more about number of ECS required as per plot.
What is a Dwelling Unit?
As per our understanding, a dwelling unit means a building or a part thereof which is used or is intended to be used by a person or family for habitation comprising of a Kitchen, toilet, and room.
What is the permitted height for residential plots in Faridabad?
As per the Haryana Building Code-2017, the Height amendment was made on 20th October 2020: The maximum permissible height for G+3 (including stilt + 4) is 16.5 meters.
Floor area ratio (FAR) can sometimes also be called floor space ratio (FSR), floor space index (FSI), site ratio or plot ratio.
In India, both floor area ratio (FAR) and floor space index (FSI) is used. To clarify the difference between the two-FAR is a ratio, while the latter, FSI, is an index. Index numbers are values expressed as a percentage of a single base figure. Thus, an FAR of 1.5 is translated as an FSI of 150%.
Practical application of FAR
To explain the concept of Floor Area Ratio (FAR), we will take the help of an example. An FAR of 100 means that, as a homeowner, you can build a one-story building on your plot or a two-story building on half your plot. FAR of 200 means that you can build a two-story building on your plot or a four-story building over half of your plot, and so on.
To further explain our previous example, if you have a 300 sq. yard (250 sq. m) plot in Faridabad, then the FAR (as checked from the table) comes out to be 264. That means that you can build 2.64 floors with 2 floors of 100% of the area and 3rd floor with 64% of the area , or 4 floors with 66% of the area, i.e. approx 1767 sq. ft. (165 sq. m).
How does defining the FAR of a city benefit its citizens?
As discussed earlier, every city is just like a structure and therefore is constrained by the capacity it can withstand. If you go beyond this capacity then it can lead to various issues.
FAR defines this load-bearing capacity for a city to maintain the general well being of the citizens based on a lot of factors such as the ability to cope with natural disasters, etc.
The concept of floor area ratio is used by the government to divide the land into zones so that urban density can be restricted. It further puts a limit on the persons allowed in a building. FAR is also commonly used by architects and construction workers to accurately decide the building design and structure.
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