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What is FAR?
As per our understanding, FAR is defined as The quotient obtained by dividing the total covered area (plinth area) on all floors multiplied by 100 by the area of the plot.
FAR = Total covered area of all floors x 100 / Plot Area
Floor area ratio (FAR) can sometimes also be called floor space ratio (FSR), floor space index (FSI), site ratio or plot ratio.
In India, both floor area ratio (FAR) and floor space index (FSI) is used. To clarify the difference between the two-FAR is a ratio, while the latter, FSI, is an index. Index numbers are values expressed as a percentage of a single base figure. Thus, an FAR of 1.5 is translated as an FSI of 150%.
Practical application of FAR
To explain the concept of Floor Area Ratio (FAR), we will take the help of an example. An FAR of 100 means that, as a homeowner, you can build a one-story building on your plot or a two-story building on half your plot. FAR of 200 means that you can build a two-story building on your plot or a four-story building over half of your plot, and so on.
To further explain our previous example, if you have a 300 sq. yard (250 sq. m) plot in Ghaziabad, then the FAR (as checked from the table) comes out to be 175. That means that you can build 1.75 floors with 1 floor of 100% of the area and 2nd floor with 75% of the area , or 3 floors with 58.3% of the area, i.e. approx 1561 sq. ft. (145.75 sq. m).
How does defining the FAR of a city benefit its citizens?
As discussed earlier, every city is just like a structure and therefore is constrained by the capacity it can withstand. If you go beyond this capacity then it can lead to various issues.
FAR defines this load-bearing capacity for a city to maintain the general well being of the citizens based on a lot of factors such as the ability to cope with natural disasters, etc.
The concept of floor area ratio is used by the government to divide the land into zones so that urban density can be restricted. It further puts a limit on the persons allowed in a building. FAR is also commonly used by architects and construction workers to accurately decide the building design and structure.
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